Frans Els is a Doctor of Philosophy in Entrepreneurship Candidate. He holds an Honours B.Compt. from the University of South Africa, and an MBA from GIBS/University of Pretoria. He has also completed a Post Graduate Diploma in Auditing, Higher Diploma in Taxation and Diploma in Estate Tax (with distinction) from UNISA. He is a member of Chartered Accountants Australia and New Zealand (CA ANZ). At present, Frans practices as a chartered accountant in New Zealand.